Wednesday, February 20, 2013

CDP info from vSphere platform

For documentation purposes, I wanted to get an overview of all host connections to which switches they are connected, and which ports exactly. As luck would have it, VMware already has made some scripts to do this.

I adapted it to suit my needs:

$Hosts = Get-VMHost | sort -property Name
foreach ($vhost in $Hosts){
$vmh = Get-VMHost -Name $vhost
If ($vmh.State -ne "Connected") {
  Write-Output "Host $($vmh) state is not connected, skipping."
Else {
  Get-View $vmh.ID | `
  % { $esxname = $_.Name; Get-View $_.ConfigManager.NetworkSystem} | `
  % { foreach ($physnic in $_.NetworkInfo.Pnic) {
    $pnicInfo = $_.QueryNetworkHint($physnic.Device)
    foreach( $hint in $pnicInfo ){
      # Write-Host $esxname $physnic.Device
      if ( $hint.ConnectedSwitchPort ) {
        $hint.ConnectedSwitchPort | select @{n="VMHost";e={$esxname}},@{n="VMNic";e={$physnic.Device}},DevId,PortId
To run this, simply copy this script to a file, open up powershell, connect to vcenter, and run it with:

.\VMHostCDPInfo.ps1 | Format-Table -AutoSize |Out-File cdpinfo.txt

It ignores all nics where it cannot retrieve any CDP info from, but other than that, you get a nice list, which you can put with your documentation which looks like:

VMHost          VMNic   DevId    PortId
------          -----   -----    ------
server01        vmnic0  switch01 GigabitEthernet1/25
server01        vmnic10 switch02 GigabitEthernet2/0/31

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